Great Princess Olga (†969)
The Great princess whose wisdom and power brought victory over the Drevlians. More…
For the first time in history she enacted compulsory tributes, exchange and trade points for the population; began to build stone cities, divided the territory into administrative regions. The Saint of Russian Orthodox church, one of the first Rus rulers to convert to Christianity before Christianization of Kievan Rus.
Since 1997 Ukraine established the state award “Order of Princess Olga”. There is also the award of Russian Orthodox church “Order of Saint Equal to the Apostles Great Princess Olga".
Vladimir the Great (956-1015)
He proclaimed Christianity as a state religion. More…
He also created “Church canon” defining competence of the church courts; began coinage. He is kept alive as Krasno Solnyshko (the Fair Sun) in Russian folk ballads about three bogatyrs. Canonized. The Russian Orthodox church established the Order of the Saint Equal to the Apostles Grand Prince Vladimir. In his honor one can see the monument erected in Kiev. His image is depicted on Ukrainian one hryvnia banknote and two coins.
Yaroslav the Wise (978-1054)
Son of Vladimir the Great. During his reign, Kievan Rus reached the zenith of its power and flowering. Thanks to his efforts the first monasteries appeared. More…
Yaroslav promulgated the first code of laws “Russkaya Pravda” (“Yaroslav's Justice”), got victory over the Pechenegs and delivered Rus from their invasions. That decisive victory was marked by building Saint Sophia Cathedral (the cathedral was painted by artists from Constantinople). Canonized. There are monuments to him in Kiev, Bila Tserkva and Kharkiv. Yaroslav’s image depicted on Ukrainian two hryvnias banknote and Russian 1000 roubles banknote. In 2008 Yaroslav the Wise was the first in TV show “The Great Ukrainians”.
Roxelana (Anastasia Lisowska 1506-1558)
Wife of Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. More…
For the first time in history of the Ottoman Empire a sultan officially got married a woman who had found herself in a harem at the age of 15. Roxelana won the sultan by ability to understand and value art, discuss on politics, speak many foreign languages and dance. During her reign the harem turned into a center of beauty and education, she was recognized by rulers of other states. Sultaness used to appear in public places with open face, however, she was held in high respect of honorable Islam figures because of being a diligent orthodox Muslim.
Speaking about history of Turkey she was an influential person who promoted fall of the Ottoman Empire. Ukrainians still consider her as a symbol of Ukrainian woman who fails nowhere and in no circumstances, and finds her place under the sun in the most hopeless situations.
Vladimir II Monomakh (1053-1125)
The Great Prince of Kiev. During his reign Kievan Rus reached times of its last flowering. More…
He united princes and determined the intestine wars; formed people's volunteer corps and got victory over the Polovtsians. He promulgated the second edition of the Primary Chronicle (history chronology from the early times of Kievan Rus origin). He also wrote “Catechism where he described importance of moral of the power elite (the power needs to be responsible rather than to dominate). Buried in Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev.
Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1595-1657)
A hetman of the Zaporozhian Cossack. He led a Cossack uprising against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth magnates. More…
9 years’ struggle resulted in the creation of a new state formation - Cossack state existed by the end of XVIII century. The monuments to Bohdan Khmelnytsky are erected in many cities of Ukraine. Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi and Khmelnytskyi cities were named after his name. His image is depicted on Ukrainian five hryvnias banknote. Khortytsia is also a place where one can see a monument to an outstanding hetman. In 2008 he was the fifth in TV show “The Great Ukrainians”.
Ivan Mazepa (1639-1709)
A Cossack hetman who wanted to unite territory of Ukraine, created a European state with Cossack system of self-government. More…
He built many new monumental churches (Church of All Saints in Kiev-Pechersk Lavra with Mazepa’s coat of arms on it); acted in secret collusion with Swedish king Charles; was laid an anathema (Mazepa’s collusion gave birth to the Order of Jude that Peter the Great ordered to issue). In 2008 the President of Ukraine raised a question on anathema remove. One can see centers of population and streets bearing his name, monuments erected in his honor and Ukrainian ten hryvnias banknote with his image depicted.
Pylyp Orlyk (1672-1742)
A statesman of Ukraine who wrote the first Constitution. More…
that presupposed parliamentary government and turned self-government institutions into constitutional ones. Ukraine established a ward of Pylyp Orlyk. There is also a coin and a stamp with his image depicted. Moreover, Kiev has a street named after him (currently this is a location of the Supreme Court). In 2006 a monument to him was laid.
Catherine II (1729-1796)
Empress of Russia. Times of her reign are considered to be as golden age of the Russian Empire. More…
She liquidated Hetmanshchyna, destroyed Zaporozhskaya Sech, disbanded Cossacks (some time later she created Black Sea Cossack troops after giving them Kuban in eternal use). After the Russo-Turkish War the Crimea was joined to Russia. Her reign gave birth to such cities as Zaporizhia (1770), Dnipropetrovsk (1776), Kherson and Mariupol (1778), Sevastopol (1783), Simferopol and Melitopol (1784), Mykolaiv (1789), Odesa (1794), Luhansk (1795) and fleet (shipbuilding) on the southern borders.
Grigoriy Potyomkin (1739-1791)
His Serene Highness Potyomkin-Tavricheski, general-field marshal, favourite and, according to some data, morganatic husband of Catherine II, founder of the cities mentioned above. Buried in Saint Catherine Cathedral in Kherson.
Fyodor Ushakov (1744-1817)
Outstanding Russian naval commander and admiral. More…
Russian Orthodox Church canonized him. He built Back Sea Fleet (Kherson, Sevastopol, Ochakiv). Visiting Kherson one can see a monument to Ushakov in a central street of the city.
Alexander Suvorov (1729-1800)
Great Russian generalissimo who suffered no defeat during his military carrier. More…
During the Russo-Turkish War 1787-1792 he led defense of the Black Sea coast, headed strengthening Russo-Turkish border, laying Tiraspol town and building fortifications of Odesa. Monuments to Suvorov are erected in many cities of Ukraine.
John Howard (1726 –1790)
English lawyer, philanthropist and the first English prison reformer; researchers of numerous infectious diseases in Europe. More…
In 1790 he spent his own money on curing typhus patients in Kherson. As a result he got the infection and died. According to his will he was buried in Kherson (one can see a sundial on his grave instead of monument).
Mykhailo Hrushevsky (1866-1934)
Public and political statesman, one of the national movement leaders. More…
A head of the Ukrainian National state (1918), an author of “History of Ukraine-Rus” covered history of Ukraine from ancient times to the period the author was living in.
Monuments to Hrushevsky were erected in many cities of Ukraine. His image is depicted on Ukrainian fifty hryvnias banknote.
Pavlo Skoropadskyi (1873 – 1945)
Military and political statesman. More…
In 1918 using prolonged crisis inside Ukrainian leadership and relying on Russian army officers, well-to-do peasantry and German command he led a coup d'etat, toppled the Ukrainian People's Republic, created Ukrayinska Derzhava (the Ukrainian State) and was a hetman from April, 29 till December, 14, 1918. After some reforms implemented he created the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and Ukrainian university in Kamianets-Podilskyi.
Stepan Bandera (1909-1959)
One of the leaders of Ukrainian Nationalist movement in Eastern Poland who in 1941-1945 headed the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN). More…
Since 2005 the government considers Bandera as a national hero, a head of national liberation struggle against Soviet totalitarianism and Nazism as well. Because of political beliefs in Ukrainian society his person is interpreted in different ways: from praise to extreme reject In 2008 Stepan Bandera was the third in TV show “The Great Ukrainians”.
Leonid Brezhnev (1906 – 1982)
Politician of the Soviet Union (was born in Dniprodzerzhynsk). He was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1966 till 1982. He also headed and coordinated space program of the USSR (cosmodrome in Baikonur was built in Kazakhstan). More…
During Brezhnev’s reign party elite overrode the entire state apparatus. Ministries and executive committees turned into ordinary executers of decisions taken by the party bodies. There is a fact that on party’s instructions a group of Soviet scientists wrote some memoires on behalf of Brezhnev (“The Small Land”, “Rebirth”, “Virgin Lands”. They were compulsory for studying. That was why Brezhnev became a hero of anecdotes while alive. Since 1976 because of health worsening it was harder and harder for him to rule the country.
Viacheslav Chornovil (1937 – 1999)
Ukrainian politician, Soviet dissident, journalist and one of the founders of the National Movement of Ukraine. He spent 9 years of his life in strict regime colonies and in exile. More…
In 1990 he was elected a deputy of the Supreme Soviet. In 1991 he was the second in presidential elections. He headed the National Movement of Ukraine. Died in uncertain circumstances in road accident. The Hero of Ukraine. His image is depicted on Ukrainian two hryvnias coin.
Six schools, two institutes and some streets were named after V.Chornovil. Monuments to Chornovil were erected in many cities of Ukraine. Under the edition of Chornovil’s sister the world saw 10-volume collection of his works. In 2008 he was the seventh in TV show “The Great Ukrainians”.
Leonid Kravchuk (born 1934)
The first President of Ukraine. More…
He was directly elected in presidential elections. In 1991 he signed the Belavezha Accords with B.Yeltsin and V.Shushkevich. A People's Deputy of Ukraine I-II and IV convocations of the Verkhovna Rada who wrote books and more than 500 articles. Kravchuk gave “name” to L-shaped box-Moving handcart - “kravchuchka” and coupon-karbovanetz - “kravchuchki”.
Leonid Kuchma (born in 1938)
The second President of Ukraine. More…
In 2000 was accused of attempting to silence journalist Georgiy Gongadze (so called “the Cassette Scandal” – released audiotapes concerning Gongadze’s disappearance). It marked the beginning of “Ukraine without Kuchma” protest action conducted by opposition. The action included mass street demonstrations and tent camps in the center of Kiev. Kuchma’s activity is assessed in different ways. Preserving state stability, liquidation of organized corruption (culminated in the end of 80s), introduction of national currency and promotion of Constitution adoption marked Kuchma’s presidency.
Alongside that period was characterized by privatization performed by his surrenders, absence of distinct policy line (to preserve power), absence of necessary reforms and two-faced foreign policy.
Hryhoriy Surkis (born 1949)
Ukrainian businessman and politician. More…
Hryhoriy Surkis and his brother Ihor are chairmen of Dynamo Kyiv football club. He is the president of Professional Football League of Ukraine and vice-president of the Football Federation of Ukraine. Due to his efforts Ukraine got a chance to host EURO-2012.
Viktor Yushchenko (born in 1954)
The third President of Ukraine who came to power after the Orange Revolution. More…
Yushchenko’s policy was focused on rapprochement with the EU and the USA and European and North-Atlantic integration. He backed the USA in the matters of deployment ballistic missile defense in Eastern Europe. On Russian President’s mind Yushchenko’s presidency was marked by shaking principles of friendship and partnership between Ukraine and Russia. During his presidency political groups that provided Yushchenko’s victory and participated in the revolution are still confronting. Because of this Yushchenko’s rating in the end of his term was less than 5%.
Viktor Yanukovych (born in 1950)
The fourth Ukrainian president, leader of the Party of Regions, Prime Minister of Ukraine in 2002-2005 and in 2006-2007. More…
In 2004 presidential elections Central election commission officially recognized Yanukovich as newly elected President of Ukraine (he got 49.46% of votes). However, that result did not coincide with exit-polls. There was a wave of mass protest actions escalated in the Orange revolution (it was a scenario typical for “color coup d-etat” mounted in Serbia, Georgia, Lebanon, Bulgaria, etc.)
Yulia Tymoshenko (born in 1960)
Prime Minister of Ukraine in 2005 and 2007-2010. More…
the leader the “Batkivshchina” (Fatherland) political party and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, one of the leaders of the Orange Revolution in 2004, a popular politician in Ukraine.
Rinat Akhmetov (born in 1966)
Famous Donetsk businessman, manufacturer, billionaire and the richest man of Ukraine. More…
Owner of the Ukrainian football club “Shakhtar” and “Ukraine” television and radio broadcasting company, deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Party of Regions), founder of the Foundation for Effective Governance .
According to the Ukrainian mass-media he is number one in Ukraine’s Top 50 richest people rating. According to Forbes his worth is estimated at $7.3 billion.