Ilya Mechnikov (1845-1916)
Nobel Prize winner in physiology and medicine (1093). More…
Zoologist, embryologist, immunologist, physiologist and pathologist. A pioneer of intracellular digestion; an author of phagocytic immunity theory and comparative pathology of inflammation; a founder of scientific gerontology and one of the pioneers of evolutionary embryology.
Mechnikov established the first Russian school of microbiologists, immunologists and pathologists; he took an active part in creating scientific and research establishments elaborating different forms of virulent disease control. The monument to the scientist is erected in Kharkiv, a place where he was born (Ivanivka village near Kharkiv).
Nikolay Pirogov (1810-1881)
A Russian surgeon, anatomist and corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (birthplace is Moscow). More…
He invented various surgical operations that minimized a number of amputee limbs. One of the methods, that is currently called “Pirogov’s operation”, presupposes operations in sterile gowns. He was the first who started using frozen dead bodies for anatomic researches. For the first time in medicine the wounds in field conditions were operating with the help of ether anaesthesia. He invented a new method of embalming (this method was used for his body embalmed). He is a pioneer of a field surgery. Died in Vishnya village (Vinnytsia). His body was embalmed and buried in a glassed sarcophagus in a mausoleum on the basement storey of the Orthodox church (“Vishnya” Pirogov’s estate, Vinnytsia). The Vinnytsia national medical university, the Odessa State medical university and central municipal hospital in Sevastopol were named after his name.
Nikolai Amosov (1913-2002)
A Soviet and Ukrainian heart surgeon, scientist, doctor and writer. More…
An author of pioneer techniques in cardiology, discussion works on gerontology, problems of artificial intellect and rational planning of public life (“social engineering”); corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Hero of Socialist Labor. For outstanding service for Ukraine Nikolai Amosov was recognized as “a man on the century in Ukraine”. Buried at Baikove cemetery in Kiev. In 2008 Amosov was second in the TV project “Great Ukrainians”.
Sergey Korolyov (1907-1966)
Soviet scientist (birthplace is Zhytomyr). Wernher von Braun, a
German designer, and Korolyov were the most outstanding public figures of XX century in space rocket production and shipbuilding. More…
Designer and organizer of production of the Soviet rocket and space technology and rocketry, father of practical astronautics. His engineering developments in rocketry were of great value for development of the Soviet rocket weapon; his contribution to practical astronautics development is of universe importance. Korolyov is an inventor of the Soviet rocket and space technology that provided strategic parity and made the USSR a leading rocket and space state. He was twice bestowed the Hero of Socialist Labor, a Lenin Prize winner, Member of Soviet Academy of Sciences. There is a home-museum in Zhytomyr.
Victor Glushkov (1923-1982)
Outstanding Soviet scientist, Member of Soviet Academy of Sciences, one of the founders of Cybernetics. More…
In 1966 he headed the first PC “MIR-1” invention (engineer computations machine). Glushkov was an initiator and main ideologist of development and design of the Statewide Automated System or Data Collection and Processing (OGAS) designed to automate the management of the state economy.
He established a theory of Distributed DataBase Management System (DDBMS).
He founded a Chair of Theoretical Cybernetics at Kiev state university and a Chair at the Institute of Cybernetics of National Academy of Science of Ukraine (the latter is named after his name).
In 1996 IEEE Computer Society (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) awarded “Computer Pioneer” medal to V.Glushkov.
Vladimir Vernadsky (1863-1945)
Outstanding scientist of XX century, founder of many scientific schools. More…
One of the representatives of Russian cosmism (noosphere theory). He is considered to be a founder of biogeochemistry who made a great contribution to geochemistry; published more than 700 scientific works. Subglacial mountains in East Antarctica, avenues in Moscow and Simferopol, boulevard in Kiev, National library of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, the Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine and Ukrainian Antarctic station were named after his name.
Evgeny Paton (1870-1953)
Soviet scientist in electric welding and bridge building, a head of the Electric Welding Institute in Kiev that is named after his name. More…
He is famous for structural mechanics and iron bridge construction. He formulated principles of calculation and construction of riveted bridges. He chaired and initiated more than 50 iron riveted bridge projects.
He was a pioneer researcher of welding technology as well implementation of welding in industry, design and production of the assembly-welding lines. He chaired and headed more than 100 welded bridge projects included an all welded bridge over the Dnieper (Kiev) that is one of the biggest bridges in the world and known as Paton’s Bridges.
In 1934 for the first time in history he founded specialized Research Electric Welding Institute.
Borys Paton (born in 1918)
Scientist in metallurgy and metal technology. More…
His researches deal with processes of automatic and semi-automatic welding. He is also working on design of welding robots and new metallurgical processes.
He is the Hero of Ukraine, the President of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (since 1962), an honorary member of Rome Club, an author of more than 1000 articles, 20 monographs included; and more than 400 inventions.
Oleg Antonov (1906-1984)
Ukrainian aircraft designer. More…
He headed production of transport aircrafts such as An-8, An-12, An-22 (“Antey”), An-32, An-72, An-124 (“Ruslan”); all-purpose aircrafts An-2, An-14, An-28, passenger aircrafts An-10 and An-24.
Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1968), Hero of Socialist Labor, deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the 5th, 6th and 7th convocations; he received Stalin and Lenin Awards in 1962 and three Orders of Lenin.
Ivan Pulyui (1845-1918)
Outstanding Ukrainian physicist and electric engineer. More…
He was championed as an early developer of X-ray machine prototype (14 years before Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen’s invention). He was the first one in the world practice who could manage to do an X-ray of a broken arm of dead born child’s skeleton. The series of X-ray patterns of human’s organs was so delicate that it allowed to define abnormal changes inside of patients’ bodies. Being a professor Pulyui founded a scholarship for Ukrainian students in Austro-Hungary.
Ternopil National Technical University bears a name of Ivan Pulyui.
Igor Sikorsky (1889-1972)
Ukrainian-American pioneer scientist and aircraft designer. More…
A designer of the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft, the “Russky Vityaz”, the world’s first multi-engine transatlantic seaplane and the first production helicopter (1940, the USA). The monument to Sikorsky was erected on campus of the National Technical University of Ukraine “KPI”, Kiev.
Vladimir Dal (1801-1872)
Scientist-dialectologist, ethnographer, write, doctor. More…
An author of “Explanatory Dictionary of the Live Great Russian language”. To mark the 200th anniversary of Vladimir Dal's birthday Russia and Ukraine issued memorable coins. The city of Luhansk, a birthplace of Vladimir Dal, has a Literary Museum.
Leonid Kadenyuk (born in 1951)
The first astronaut of independent Ukraine. More…
The first Ukrainian astronaut, P.Popovich was the fourth astronaut of the USSR. Kadeniuk holds the rank of Ukrainian Air Force Major General. In his honor Ukraine issued a name stamp.
Alexander Shalimov (1918-2006)
Surgeon, one of the founders of Ukrainian surgery school. More…
He invented new operation methods for digestive apparatus (for the first time in history he managed to transplant pancreas to diabetic), heart and oncological diseases. He conducted more than 40 000 surgeries. He headed the first in Ukraine heart transplantation operation. In 1998 the International Chamber of the American Biographical Institute recognized Shalimov as a Man of Planet. He is an author of more than 830 scientific works and 112 inventions; founded two research institutes in Ukraine (Kharkiv and Kiev). He was also elected as an honorary director of the Institute of clinical and experimental surgery of the National Science of Ukraine (after his death the institute was named after his name). Buried at Baikove cemetery (Kiev).